Publications - Alexander Borst



Haag J, Mishra A, Borst A (2017) A common directional tuning mechanism of Drosophila motion-sensing neurons in the ON and in the OFF pathway. eLife 6: e29044.

Arenz A, Drews MS, Richter FG, Ammer G, Borst A (2017) The temporal tuning of the Drosophila motion detectors is determined by the dynamics of their input elements. Curr Biol 27: 929-944.

Mauss AS, Vlasits A, Borst A, Feller M (2017) Visual circuits for direction selectivity. Annu Rev Neurosci 40: 211-230.

Pankova K, Borst A (2017) Transgenic line for the identification of cholinergic release sites in Drosophila melanogaster. J Exp Biol 220: 1405-1410.

Mauss AS, Borst A (2017) Motion vision in arthropods. In: The Oxford Handbook of Invertebrate Neurobiology. Ed: JH Byrne. Oxford University Press, doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190456757.013.14.

Fendl S, Pujol-Marti J, Ryan J, Borst A, Kasper R (2017) STED Imaging in Drosophila brain slices. In: Light Microscopy: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology. Eds: Y Markaki, H Harz. Springer Science + Business Media LLC, pp 143-150.


Haag J, Arenz A, Serbe E, Gabbiani F, Borst A (2016) Complementary mechanisms create direction selectivity in the fly. eLife 5: e17421.

Leonhardt A, Ammer G, Meier M, Serbe E, Bahl A, Borst A (2016) Asymmetry of Drosophila ON and OFF motion detectors enhances real-world velocity estimation. Nature Neurosci 19: 706-715.

Serbe E, Meier M, Leonhardt A, Borst A (2016) Comprehensive characterization of the major presynaptic elements to the Drosophila OFF motion detector. Neuron 89: 829-841.

Pankova K, Borst A (2016) RNA-seq transcriptome analysis of direction-selective T4/T5 neurons in Drosophila. PLOS ONE 11: e0163986.

Mauss AS, Borst A (2016) Electrophysiological recordings from lobula plate tangential cells in Drosophila. In: Drosophila: Methods and Protocols. Ed: C Dahmann. Springer Press, pp 321-332.


Mauss AS, Pankova K, Arenz A, Nern A, Rubin GM, Borst A (2015) Neural circuit to integrate opposing motions in the visual field. Cell 162: 351-362.

Bahl A, Serbe E, Meier M, Ammer G, Borst A (2015) Neural mechanisms for Drosophila contrast vision. Neuron 88: 1240-1252.

Ammer G, Leonhardt A, Bahl A, Dickson BJ, Borst A (2015) Functional specialization of neural input elements to the Drosophila ON motion detector. Curr Biol 25: 2247-2253.

Borst A, Helmstaedter M (2015) Common circuit design in fly and mammalian motion vision. Nature Neurosci 18: 1067-1076.

Kauer I, Borst A, Haag J (2015) Complementary motion tuning in frontal motor neurons of the blowfly. J Comp Physiol A 201: 411-426.

Schilling T, Borst A (2015) Local motion detectors are required for the computation of expansion flow-fields. Biol Open 4: 1105-1108.

Borst A (2015) Visual motion detection in Drosophila. In: Encyclopedia of Computational Neurosciences. Eds: D Jaeger, R Jung. Springer Press.


Meier M, Serbe E, Maisak MS, Haag J, Dickson BJ, Borst A (2014) Neural circuit components of the Drosophila OFF motion vision pathway. Curr Biol 24: 385-392.

Borst A (2014) Fly visual course control: behaviour, algorithms and circuits. Nature Reviews Neurosci 15: 590-599.

Mauss AS, Meier M, Serbe E, Borst A (2014) Optogenetic and pharmacologic dissection of feedforward inhibition in Drosophila motion vision. J Neurosci 34: 2254-2263.

Hopp E, Borst A, Haag J (2014) Subcellular mapping of dendritic activity in optic flow processing neurons. J Comp Physiol A 200: 359-370.

Borst A (2014) Neural circuits for elementary motion detection. J Neurogenet 28: 361-373.

Cuntz H, Haag J, Borst A (2014) Modelling the cellular mechanisms of fly optic flow processing. In: The computing dendrite: from structure to function. Eds: B Torben-Nielsen, M Remme, H Cuntz. Springer Press, pp 259-275.

Borst A (2014) In search of the holy grail of fly motion vision. European J Neurosci 40: 3285-3293.

Borst A (2014) Neural circuits for motion vision in the fly. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 2014 79: 131-139.


Maisak MS, Haag J, Ammer G, Serbe E, Meier M, Leonhardt A, Schilling T, Bahl A, Rubin GM, Nern A, Dickson BJ, Reiff DF, Hopp E, Borst A (2013) A directional tuning map of Drosophila elementary motion detectors. Nature 500: 212-216.

Borst A, Plett J (2013) Seeing the world through an insects eyes. News & Views. Nature 497: 47-48.

Bahl A, Ammer G, Schilling T, Borst A (2013) Object tracking in motion-blind flies. Nature Neurosci 16: 730-738.

Joesch M, Weber F, Eichner H, Borst A (2013) Functional specialization of parallel motion detection circuits in the fly. J Neurosci 33: 902-905.

Elyada Y, Haag J, Borst A (2013) Dendritic end inhibition in large-field visual neurons of the fly. J Neurosci 33: 3659-3667. 

Haikala V, Joesch M, Borst A, Mauss AS (2013) Optogenetic control of fly optomotor responses. J Neurosci 33: 13927-13934.

Raghu SV, Claussen J, Borst A (2013) Neurons with GABAergic phenotype in the visual system of Drosophila. J Comp Neurol 521: 252-265.

Cuntz H, Foerstner F, Raghu VR, Schnell B, Ammer G, Borst A (2013) Preserving neural function under extreme scaling. PloS ONE 8: e71540. 

Borst A (2013) Neurobiology of movement-sensitive behavior in flies. In: New Visual Neurosciences. Eds: JS Werner, LM Chalupa. MIT Press, pp 1191-1205.


Weber F, Machens CK, Borst A (2012) Disentangling the functional consequences of the connectivity between optic-flow processing neurons. Nature Neurosci 15: 441-448.

Plett J, Bahl A, Buss M, Kuehnlenz K, Borst A (2012) Bio-inspired visual ego-rotation sensor for MAVs. Biol Cybern 106: 51-63.

Wu H, Zou K, Zhang T, Borst A, Kühnlenz K (2012) Insect-inspired high-speed motion vision system for robot control. Biol Cybern 106: 453-463.

Schnell B, Raghu SV, Nern A, Borst A (2012) Columnar cells necessary for motion responses of wide-field visual interneurons in Drosophila. J Comp Physiol A 198: 389-395.

Wertz A, Haag J, Borst A (2012) Integration of binocular optic flow in cervical neck motor neurons of the fly. J Comp Physiol A 198: 655-668.

Borst A (2012) Fly motion vision: from optic flow to visual course control. e-Neuroforum 3: 59-66.

Zhang L, Zhang T, Wu H, Kühnlenz K, Borst A (2012) Visual flight control of a quadrotor using bio-inspired motion detector. Intl J Navigation and Observation doi: 10.1155/2012/627079.


Eichner H, Joesch M, Schnell B, Reiff DF, Borst A (2011) Internal structure of the fly elementary motion detector. Neuron 70: 1155-1164.

Borst A, Euler T (2011) Seeing things in motion: Models, circuits, and mechanisms. Neuron 71: 974-994.

Borst A (2011) Fly vision: Moving into the motion detection circuit. Preview. Curr Biol 21: R990-R992.

Jung SN, Borst A, Haag J (2011) Flight activity alters velocity tuning of fly motion-sensitive neurons. J Neurosci 31: 9231-9237.

Wang H, Isik M, Borst A, Hemmert W (2011) Auditory information coding by cochlear neurons. J Comput Neurosci 30: 529-542.

Raghu SV, Reiff DF, Borst A (2011) Neurons with cholinergic phenotype in the visual system of Drosophila. J Comp Neurol 519: 162-176.

Cuntz H, Forstner F, Borst A, Häusser M (2011) The trees toolbox - probing the basis of axonal and dendritic branching. Neuroinform 9: 91-96.

Borst A, Weber F (2011) Neural action fields for optic flow based navigation: A simulation study of the fly lobula plate network. PLoS ONE 6: e16303.

Raghu SV, Borst A (2011) Candidate glutamatergic neurons in the visual system of Drosophila. PLoS ONE 6: e19472.

Eichner H, Borst A (2011) Hands-on parameter search for neural stimulations by a MIDI-controller. PLoS One 6: e27013.

Borst A, Denk W, Haag J (2011) In vivo dendritic calcium imaging in the fly visual system. In: Optical Imaging in Neuroscience: A Laboratory Manual. Eds: R Yuste, A Konnerth, F Helmchen. CSHL Press, pp 777-781.

Borst A, Grothe B (2011) Die Welt im Kopf. In: Zukunft Gehirn. Eds: T Bonhoeffer, P Gruss. C.H. Beck, pp 37-58.


Joesch M, Schnell B, Raghu SV, Reiff DF, Borst A (2010) ON and OFF pathways in Drosophila motion vision. Nature 468: 300-304.

Reiff DF, Plett J, Mank M, Griesbeck O, Borst A (2010) Visualizing retinotopic half-wave rectified input to the motion detection circuitry of Drosophila. Nature Neurosci 13: 973-978. 

Weber F, Machens CK, Borst A (2010) Spatio-temporal response properties of optic-flow processing neurons. Neuron 67: 629-642.

Kremer MC, Christiansen F, Leiss F, Paehler M, Knapek S, Andlauer TF, Forstner F, Kloppenburg P, Sigrist SJ, Tavosanis G (2010) Structural long-term changes at mushroom body input synapses. Curr Biol 20: 1-7.

Borst A (2010) Neurophysiology: Recording from neurons in action. Preview. Curr Biol 20: R679-R680.

Borst A, Haag J, Reiff DF (2010) Fly motion vision. Annu Rev Neurosci 33: 49-70.

Haag J, Wertz A, Borst A (2010) Central gating of fly optomotor response. PNAS 107: 20104-20109.

Spavieri DL, Eichner H, Borst A (2010) Coding efficiency of fly motion processing is set by firing rate, not firing precision. PLoS Comput Biol 6: e1000860.

Cuntz H, Forstner F, Borst A, Häusser M (2010) One rule to grow them all: A general theory of neuronal branching and its practical application. PLoS Comput Biol 6: e1000877.

Schnell B, Joesch M, Forstner F, Raghu SV, Otsuna H, Ito K, Borst A, Reiff DF (2010) Processing of horizontal optic flow in three visual interneurons of the Drosophila brain. J Neurophysiol 103: 1646-1657.


Elyada Y, Haag J, Borst A (2009) Different receptive fields in axons and dendrites underlie robust coding in motion-sensitive neurons. Nature Neurosci 12: 327-333.

Borst A (2009) Drosophilas view on insect vision. Curr Biol 19: R36-R47.

Wertz A, Gaub B, Plett J, Haag J, Borst A (2009) Robust coding of ego-motion in descending neurons of the fly. J Neurosci 29: 14993-15000.

Wu H, Zhang T, Borst A, Kühnlenz K, Buss M (2009) An explorative study of visual servo control with insect-inspired Reichardt-Model. Proc IEEE Int Conf Rob Aut (ICRA) 12: 345-350.

Wertz A, Haag J, Borst A (2009) Local and global motion preferences in descending neurons of the fly. J Comp Physiol A 195: 1107-1120.

Eichner H, Klug T, Borst A (2009) Neural simulations on multi-core architectures. Front Neuroinform 3: 21, 1-15.

Raghu SV, Joesch M, Sigrist S, Borst A, Reiff DF (2009) Synaptic organization of lobula plate tangential cells in Drosophila: Dα7 cholinergic receptors. J Neurogenetics 23: 200-209.

Borst A (2009) Visual motion models. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, vol. 10. Ed: LR Squire. Oxford Academic press, pp 297-305.


Mank M, Ferrão Santos A, Direnberger S, Mrsic-Flogel TD, Hofer SB, Stein V, Hendel T, Reiff DF, Levelt C, Borst A, Bonhoeffer T, Hübener M, Griesbeck O (2008) A genetically encoded calcium indicator for chronic in vivo two photon imaging. Nature Methods 5: 805-811.

Joesch M, Plett J, Borst A, Reiff DF (2008) Response properties of motion-sensitive visual interneurons in the lobula plate of Drosophila melanogaster. Curr Biol 18: 368-374.

Wertz A, Borst A, Haag J (2008) Nonlinear integration of binocular optic flow by DNOVS2, a descending neuron of the fly. J Neurosci 28: 3131-3140.

Hendel T, Mank M, Schnell B, Griesbeck O, Borst A, Reiff DF (2008) Fluorescence changes of genetic calcium indicators and OGB-1 correlated with neural activity and calcium in vivo and in vitro. J Neurosci 28: 7399-7411.

Haag J, Borst A (2008) Electrical coupling of lobula plate tangential cells to a heterolateral motion-sensitive neuron in the fly. J Neurosci 28: 14435-14442.

Macke J, Maack N, Gupta R, Denk W, Schoelkopf  B, Borst A (2008) Contour-propagation algorithms for semi-automated reconstruction of neural processes. J Neurosci Methods 167: 349-357.

Hines M, Eichner H, Schuermann F (2008) Neuron splitting in compute-bound parallel network simulations enables runtime scaling with twice as many processors. J Comput Neurosci 25: 203-210.

Zhang T, Wu H, Borst A, Kühnlenz K, Buss M (2008) An FPGA-implementation of insect-inspired motion detector for high-speed vision systems. Proc IEEE Int Conf Rob Aut (ICRA) 19: 335-340.

Cuntz H, Forstner F, Haag J, Borst A (2008) The morphological identity of insect dendrites. PLoS Comput Biol 4: e1000251.

Borst A (2008) How does nature program neuron types? Frontiers in Neurosci 2: 4-5.

Weber F, Eichner H, Cuntz H, Borst A (2008) Eigenanalysis of a neural network for optic flow processing. New J Phys 10: 1-21.

Reiff DF, Borst A (2008) Advances in studying neural circuit function with genetic probes for calcium. Cell Sci:


Borst A (2007) The broader, the better? Drosophila olfactory interneurons are found to respond to a wider range of odorants than their immediate sensory input. Preview. Neuron 54: 6-8.

Haag J, Wertz A, Borst A (2007) Integration of lobula plate output signals by DNOVS1, an identified premotor descending neuron. J Neurosci 27: 1992-2000.

Raghu SV, Joesch M, Borst A, Reiff DF (2007) Synaptic organization of lobula plate tangential cells in Drosophila: GABA-receptors and chemical release sites. J Comp Neurol 502: 598-610.

Safran M, Flanagin V, Borst A, Sompolinsky H (2007) Adaptation and information transmission in fly motion detection. J Neurophysiol 98: 3309-3320.

Haag J, Borst A (2007) Reciprocal inhibitory connections within a neural network for rotational optic-flow processing. Frontiers in Neurosci 1: 111-121.

Cuntz H, Haag J, Forstner F, Segev I, Borst A (2007) Robust coding of flow-field parameters by axo-axonal gap junctions between fly visual interneurons. PNAS 104: 10229-10233.

Borst A, Abarbanel HDI (2007) Relating a Calcium indicator signal to the unperturbed Calcium concentration time-course. Theoretical Biology and Medical Modeling 4:7.

Cuntz H, Borst A, Segev I (2007) Optimization principles of dendritic structure. Theoretical Biology and Medical Modeling 4: 21.

Borst A (2007) Correlation versus gradient type motion detectors - The pros and cons. Phil Trans Roy Soc B 362: 369-374.

Laurent G, Borst A (2007) Dendritic short stories from invertebrates: linking biophysics and computation. In: Dendrites, 2nd Edition. Eds: G Stuart, N Spruston, M Haeusser. Oxford University Press, pp 441-463.

Borst A, Haag J (2007): Optic flow processing in the cockpit of the fly. In: Invertebrate Neurobiology. Eds: G North, RJ Greenspan. CSHL-Press, pp 101-122.


Farrow K, Haag J, Borst A (2006) Nonlinear, binocular interactions underlying flow field selectivity of a motion-sensitive neuron. Nature Neurosci 9: 1312-1320.

Shi L, Borst A (2006) Propagation of photon noise and information transfer in motion vision. J Comput Neurosci 20: 167-178.

Mank M, Reiff DF, Heim N, Friedrich MW, Borst A, Griesbeck O (2006) A FRET-based Calcium biosensor with fast signal kinetics and high fluorescence change. Biophys J 90: 1790-1796.

Wicher D, Berlau J, Walther C, Borst A (2006) Peptidergic counter-regulation of Ca2+and Na+dependent K+ currents modulates the shape of action potentials in neurosecretory insect neurons. J Neurophysiol 95: 311–322.


Guerrero G, Reiff DF, Agarwal G, Ball RW, Borst A, Goodman CS,  Isacoff EY (2005) Heterogeneity in synaptic transmission along a Drosophila larval motor axon. Nature Neurosci 8: 1188-1196.

Farrow K, Borst A, Haag J (2005) Sharing receptive fields with your neighbors: Tuning the vertical system cells to wide field motion J Neurosci 25: 3985-3993.

Reiff DF, Ihring A, Guerrero G, Isacoff EY, Joesch M, Nakai J, Borst A (2005) In vivo performance of genetically encoded indicators of neural activity in flies. J Neurosci 25: 4766-4778.

Haag J, Borst A (2005) Dye-coupling visualizes networks of large-field motion-sensitive neurons in the fly. J Comp Physiol A 191: 445-454.

Borst A, Flanagin V, Sompolinsky, H (2005) Adaptation without parameter change: Dynamic gain control in motion detection. PNAS 102: 6172-6176.

Borst A, Denk W, Haag J (2005) In vivo calcium imaging in the fly visual system. In: Imaging in neuroscience and development. A laboratory manual. Eds: R. Yuste, A. Konnerth. CSHL-Press, pp 649-653.


Haag J, Borst A (2004) Neural mechanism underlying complex receptive field properties of motion-sensitive interneurons. Nature Neurosci 7: 628-634.

Hsu A, Borst A, Theunissen F (2004) Quantifying variability in neural responses and its application for the validation of model predictions. Network: Comput in Neural Systems 15: 91-109.

Haag J, Denk W, Borst A (2004) Fly motion vision is based on Reichardt detectors regardless of the signal-to-noise ratio. PNAS 101: 16333-16338.


Farrow K, Haag J, Borst A (2003) Input organization of multifunctional motion sensitive neurons in the blowfly. J Neurosci 23: 9805-9811.

Heck D, Borst A, Antkowiak B (2003) Passive spatial and temporal integration of excitatory synaptic inputs in cerebellar Purkinje cells of young rats. Neurosci Lett 341: 79-83.

Borst A (2003) Noise, not stimulus entropy, determines neural information rate. J Comput Neurosci 14: 23-31.

Cuntz H, Haag J, Borst A (2003) Neural image processing by dendritic networks. PNAS 100: 11082-11085.

Haag J, Borst A (2003) Orientation tuning of motion-sensitive neurons shaped by vertical-horizontal network interactions. J Comp Physiol A 189: 363-370.

Reisenman C, Haag J, Borst A (2003) Adaptation of response transients in fly motion vision. I: Experiments. Vis Res 43: 1291-1307.

Borst A, Reisenman C, Haag J (2003) Adaptation of response transients in fly motion vision. II: Model studies. Vis Res 43: 1309-1322.

Borst A (2003) Modeling fly motion vision. In: Computational Neuroscience: A Comprehensive Approach. Ed: J Feng. CRC Press, pp 397-429.

Borst A, Dickinson M (2003) Visual course control in flies. In: The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, 2nd Edition. Ed: M Arbib. Bradford Books / MIT Press, pp 1205-1210.


Haag J, Borst A (2002) Dendro-dendritic interactions between motion-sensitive large-field neurons in the fly. J Neurosci 22: 3227-3233.

Single S, Borst A (2002) Different mechanisms of calcium entry within different dendritic compartments. J Neurophysiol 87: 1616-1624.

Borst A, Haag J (2002) Neural networks in the cockpit of the fly. J Comp Physiol A 188: 419-437.


Borst A (2001) Direction selectivity in ganglion cells: pre or post? Nature Neurosci 4: 119-120.

Gauck V, Thomann M, Jaeger D, Borst A (2001) Spatial distribution of low and high voltage activated calcium currents in neurons of the deep cerebellar nuclei. J Neurosci 21: 1-4.

Haag J, Borst A (2001) Recurrent network interactions underlying flow-field selectivity of visual interneurons. J Neurosci 21: 5685-5692.

Borst A, Haag J (2001) Effect of mean firing on neural information rate. J Comput Neurosci 10: 213-221.

Oertner TG, Brotz T, Borst A (2001) Mechanisms of dendritic calcium signaling in fly neurons. J Neurophysiol 85: 439-447.

Brotz T, Gundelfinger E, Borst A (2001) Cholinergic and GABAergic pathways in fly motion vision. BioMedCentral Neurosci 2: 1.


Borst A (2000) Models of motion detection. Nature Neurosci 3: 1168.

Borst A (2000) Adepts in adapting. Preview. Neuron 28: 313-314.

Borst A, Single S (2000) Local current spread in electrically compact neurons of the fly. Neurosci Lett 285: 123-126.

Haag J, Borst A (2000) Spatial distribution and characteristics of voltage-gated calcium currents within visual interneurons. J Neurophysiol 83: 1039-1051.

de Ruyter van Steveninck R, Borst A, Bialek B (2000) Real-time encoding of motion: Answerable questions and questionable answers in the fly´s visual system. In: Motion vision - Computational, neural, and ecological constraints. Eds: J Zeil, JM Zanker. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 279-306.


Borst A (1999) Seeing smells: Imaging olfactory learning in bees. News&Views. Nature Neurosci 2: 7-8.

Borst A, Theunissen FE (1999) Information theory and neural coding. Nature Neurosci 2: 947-957.

Haag J, Vermeulen A, Borst A (1999) The intrinsic electrophysiological characteristics of fly lobula plate tangential cells. III. Visual response properties. J Computat Neurosci 7: 213-234.

Gauck V, Borst A (1999) Spatial response properties of contralateral inhibited lobula plate tangential cells in the fly visual system. J Comp Neurol 406: 51-71.

Oertner TG, Single S, Borst A (1999) Separation of voltage- and ligand-gated calcium influx in locust neurons by optical imaging. Neurosci Lett 274: 95-98.

Borst A, Single S (1999) In vivo calcium imaging in blowfly CNS. In: Imaging living cells: A laboratory manual. Eds: R Yuste, F Lanni, A Konnerth. CSHL Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, chapter 44.


Single S, Borst A (1998) Dendritic integration and its role in computing image velocity. Science 281: 1848-1850.

Haag J, Borst A (1998) Active membrane characteristics and signal encoding in graded potential neurons. J Neurosci 18: 7972-7986.


Haag J, Borst A (1997) Encoding of visual motion information and reliability in spiking and graded potential neurons. J Neurosci 17: 4809-4819.

Single S, Haag J, Borst A (1997) Dendritic computation of direction selectivity and gain control in visual interneurons. J Neurosci 17: 6023-6030.

Haag J, Theunissen F, Borst A (1997) The intrinsic electrophysiological characteristics of fly lobula plate tangential cells. II. Active membrane properties. J Computat Neurosci 4: 349-369.

Gauck V, Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1997) Synapse distribution on VCH, an inhibitory, motion-sensitive interneuron in the fly visual system. J Comp Neurol 381: 489-499.

Brotz TM, Bochenek B, Aronstein K, ffrench-Constant R, Borst A (1997) GABA receptor distribution in the mushroom bodies of a fly (Calliphora erythrocephala): a functional division of Kenyon cells? J Comp Neurol 383: 42-48.

Borst A, Heck D, Thomann M (1997) Voltage images of individual Purkinje cell dendrites in cerebellar slices. Neurosci Lett 238: 29-32.

Borst A (1997) Wie rechnen Nervenzellen? Verarbeitung synaptischer Signale in visuellen Interneuronen der Fliege. Werkstätten der Zukunft, MPG-Sonderheft, 61-67.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1997) Fly, neuronal control of visual orientation. In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 2nd Edition, CD-ROM. Eds.: G Adelmann, B Smith. Elsevier, Amsterdam.


Haag J, Borst A (1996) Amplification of high-frequency synaptic inputs by active dendritic membrane processes. Nature 379: 639-641.

Borst A, Haag J (1996) The intrinsic electrophysiological characteristics of fly lobula plate tangential cells. I. Passive membrane properties. J Computat Neurosci 3: 313-336.

Brotz T, Borst A (1996) Cholinergic and GABAergic receptors on fly tangential cells and their role in visual motion detection. J Neurophysiol 76: 1786-1799.

Borst A (1996) How do nerve cells compute? Dendritic integration in fly visual interneurons. Acta Physiol Scand 157: 403-407.

Borst A (1996) Dendritic processing of synaptic signals in motion-sensitive interneurons of the fly. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 89: 109-122.


Brotz T, Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1995) A preparation of the blowfly brain (Calliphora erythrocephala) for in vitro electrophysiology and pharmacological studies. J Neurosci Methods 57: 37-46.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M, Haag J (1995) Mechanisms of dendritic integration underlying gain control in fly motion-sensitive interneurons. J Comput Neurosci 2: 5-18.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1995) Calcium accumulation in visual interneurons of the fly: Stimulus dependence and relationship to membrane potential. J Neurophysiol 73: 2540-2552.

Borst A (1995) Periodic Current Injection (PCI) - A new method to image steady-state membrane potential of single neurons in situ using extracellular voltage-sensitive dyes. Z Naturforsch 50c: 435-438.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1995) Visuomotor coordination in the fly. In: The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. Ed: M Arbib. Bradford Books / MIT Press, pp 1031-1036.


Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1994) Dendritic processing of synaptic signals by sensory interneurons. Trends Neurosci 17: 257-263.

Egelhaaf M, Haag J, Borst A (1994) Processing of synaptic information depends on the structure of the dendritic tree. NeuroReport 6: 205-208.


Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1993) A look into the cockpit of the fly: Visual orientation, algorithms and identified neurons. J Neurosci 13: 4563-4574.

Warzecha AK, Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1993). Neural circuit tuning fly visual neurons to motion of small objects. I. Dissection of the circuit by pharmacological and photoinactivation techniques. J Neurophysiol 69: 329-339.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A, Warzecha AK, Wildemann A, Flecks S (1993). Neural circuit tuning fly visual neurons to motion of small objects. II. Input organization of inhibitory circuit elements revealed by electrophysiological and optical recording techniques. J Neurophysiol 69: 340-351.

Borst A, Seung S, Egelhaaf M (1993) Two-dimensional motion perception in flies. Neural Comput 5: 856-868.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1993) Motion computation and visual orientation in flies. Comp. Biochem. Physiol 104A: 659-673.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1993) Processing of synaptic signals in fly visual interneurons selectively responsive to small moving objects. In: Brain Theory - Spatio-Temporal Aspects of Brain Function. Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting on Brain Theory, April 11-13, 1992, Trento and Rovereto (Italy). Eds: A Aertsen, W von Seelen. Elsevier, Amsterdam, London, New York, Tokyo, pp 47-66.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1993) Detecting visual motion: Theory and models. In: Visual motion and its role in the stabilization of gaze. Eds: FA Miles, J Wallmann. Elsevier, pp 3-27.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1993) Movement detection in arthropods. In: Visual motion and its role in the stabilization of gaze. Eds: FA Miles, J Wallmann. Elsevier, pp 53-77.


Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1992) Are there separate on- and off-channels in fly motion vision? Visual Neurosci 8: 151-164.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1992) In vivo imaging of calcium accumulation in fly interneurons as elicited by visual motion stimulation. PNAS 89: 4139-4143.

Haag J, Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1992) Dendritic integration of motion information in visual interneurons of the blowfly. Neurosci Lett 140: 173-176.

Warzecha AK, Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1992) Neural circuit for the detection of small-field motion as revealed by laser ablation of single neurons. Neurosci Lett 141: 119-122.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1992) Is there a separate control system mediating a 'centering response' in honeybees? Naturwissenschaften 79: 221-223.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1992) Im Cockpit der Fliege. MPG-Spiegel 3: 14-16.


Borst A (1991) Fly visual interneurons responsive to image expansion. Zool. Jb. Physiol. 95: 305-313.


Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1990) Direction selectivity of fly motion-sensitive neurons is computed in a two-stage process. PNAS 87: 9363-9367.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A, Pilz B (1990) The role of GABA in detecting visual motion. Brain Res 509: 156-160.

Borst A (1990) How do flies land? From behavior to neuronal circuits. Biosci 40: 292-299.

Stocker RF, Lienhard MC, Borst A, Fischbach KF (1990) Neuronal architecture of the antennal lobe of Drosophila melanogaster. Cell Tissue Res 262: 9-34.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1990) Bewegungswahrnehmung und visuelle Orientierung bei Fliegen. Naturwissenschaften 77: 366-377.

Borst A (1990) Landen ohne Lotsen: Über den neuronalen Auslösemechanismus der Landereaktion bei Fliegen. BIUZ 5: 245-250.


Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1989) Principles of visual motion detection. Trends Neurosci 12: 297-306.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A (1989) Transient and steady-state response properties of movement detectors. J Opt Soc Am A 6: 116-127.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A, Reichardt W (1989) Computational structure of a biological motion detection system as revealed by local detector analysis in the fly's nervous system. J Opt Soc Am A 6: 1070-1087.

Egelhaaf M, Borst A, Reichardt W (1989) The non-linear mechanism of direction selectivity in the fly motion detection system. Naturwissenschaften 76: 32-35.

Borst A (1989) Temporal processing of excitatory and inhibitory motion stimuli in the fly's landing system. Naturwissenschaften 76: 531-534.

Borst A, Bahde S (1989) Processing of movement information in the fly's landing system: a behavioral analysis. In: International Conference on Neurobiology of Sensory Systems (ICONOSS). Eds: RN Singh, NJ Strausfeld. Plenum, New York, pp 85-95.


Borst A, Bahde S (1988) Spatio-temporal integration of motion: A simple strategy for safe landing in flies. Naturwissenschaften 75: 265-267.

Borst A, Bahde S (1988) Visual information processing in the fly's landing system. J Comp Physiol A 163: 167-173.

Borst A, Egelhaaf M (1987) Temporal modulation of luminance adapts time constant of fly movement detectors. Biol Cybern 56: 209-215.

Borst A, Bahde S (1987) Comparison between the movement detection systems underlying the optomotor and the landing response in the housefly. Biol Cybern 56: 217-224.

Borst A (1986) Time course of the houseflies' landing response. Biol Cybern 54: 379-383.

Borst A, Bahde S (1986) What kind of movement detector is triggering the landing response of the housefly? Biol Cybern 55: 59-69.

Heisenberg M, Borst A, Wagner S, Byers D (1985) Drosophila mushroom body mutants are deficient in olfactory learning. J Neurogenetics 2: 1-30.

Borst A (1984) Identification of different chemoreceptors by electroantennogram-recording. J Insect Physiol 30: 507-510.

Borst A (1984) Untersuchungen zur zentralnervösen Verarbeitung olfaktorischer Reize bei Drosophila melanogaster. Dissertation, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg.

Borst A (1983) Computation of olfactory signals in Drosophila melanogaster. J Comp Physiol 152: 373-383.

Borst A, Heisenberg M (1982) Osmotropotaxis in Drosophila melanogaster. J Comp Physiol 147: 479-484.

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